Search found 756 matches

by Brother Ranulf
Sun Jan 15, 2017 7:25 pm
Forum: General History
Topic: Storing medieval dyes
Replies: 7
Views: 1453

Re: Storing medieval dyes

Speaking for the 12th century, the implication of available evidence is that dyes were not stored as such, but used continuously, sometimes for weeks, with vats being kept simmering and cloth (and other materials such as wood and leather) being dyed in huge quantities. John of Garland reports that t...
by Brother Ranulf
Sun Jan 08, 2017 8:50 am
Forum: 1100-1500
Topic: Occupation? Nun.
Replies: 14
Views: 2604

Re: Occupation? Nun.

The confusion surrounding the various orders of canons and their female equivalents is understandable, since there have been a bewildering array of different orders (many of whom dressed similarly to each other). I hope this may go some way to shedding light on the subject: (Here I use "canon&q...
by Brother Ranulf
Sat Jan 07, 2017 11:01 pm
Forum: 1100-1500
Topic: Occupation? Nun.
Replies: 14
Views: 2604

Re: Occupation? Nun.

Some time ago I worked on an extensive paper on the subject of the dress of Augustinian canons throughout the whole medieval period - the outcome was that there was no standard form of dress, each house of canons setting its own rules and then failing to enforce them. The Church as an institution tr...
by Brother Ranulf
Fri Jan 06, 2017 4:26 pm
Forum: Food and Drink
Topic: Elizabeth Rainbow's cookbook?
Replies: 2
Views: 1065

Re: Elizabeth Rainbow's cookbook?

I checked Prospect Books (http://prospectbooks.co.uk/) who are the "usual suspects" when it comes to books on cookery - including their "Old Culinary Text project", but without success. They are the potential publishers of the long-awaited 12th century cookery book entitled Zinzi...
by Brother Ranulf
Tue Dec 13, 2016 10:28 am
Forum: 1100-1500
Topic: Weapon Stand for Show and Tell
Replies: 3
Views: 1179

Re: Weapon Stand for Show and Tell

I have several hundreds of Anglo-Norman images from the late 11th and entire 12th centuries but not one shows a rack for storing/displaying weapons. Neckham does not mention such a thing in his inventory of castle supplies, nor can I find a word for it in Middle English or Anglo-Norman French. There...
by Brother Ranulf
Wed Dec 07, 2016 9:36 am
Forum: Book, Film, TV & Music Reviews
Topic: Bonzo's War by Clare Campbell
Replies: 2
Views: 972

Re: Bonzo's War by Clare Campbell

I would be very interested in seeing any of your friend's photographs, she sounds like an amazing lady. We often forget that this type of history is still within living memory for some people, although their numbers are dwindling rapidly. My wife recalls her late grandfather being strafed by a Germa...
by Brother Ranulf
Sat Dec 03, 2016 7:58 pm
Forum: Book, Film, TV & Music Reviews
Topic: Bonzo's War by Clare Campbell
Replies: 2
Views: 972

Bonzo's War by Clare Campbell

Bonzo's War, Animals Under Fire 1939 - 1945, ISBN: 978-1-47210-680-3 Few books have surprised or shocked me as much as this unassuming little paperback, which my wife thought might interest me. My previous forays into WW2 histories have looked at Battle of Britain pilots, ambulance vehicles, the rol...
by Brother Ranulf
Wed Nov 23, 2016 5:28 pm
Forum: 1100-1500
Topic: padded / mail trapper 13 th c horse armour
Replies: 1
Views: 739

Re: padded / mail trapper 13 th c horse armour

Possibly the very earliest Anglo-Norman caparison is seen on the seal of William fitzEmpress (known as Longespée). It is known that this seal was used from 1156 to 1164, possibly a few years earlier. This sets the style for horse caparisons well into the 13th century - always looking as if they are ...
by Brother Ranulf
Sun Nov 06, 2016 8:34 am
Forum: General History
Topic: Nine Mens Morris
Replies: 8
Views: 2764

Re: Nine Mens Morris

They must have played something..... Agreed, but it seems extremely unlikely that pre-Conquest Saxons played merrels/morris. I have searched extensively through Old English texts and found no mention of the game anywhere, although there are some interesting hints towards various other board games. ...
by Brother Ranulf
Wed Nov 02, 2016 7:40 am
Forum: General History
Topic: Candles
Replies: 3
Views: 1264

Re: Candles

It is widely thought that flax was the usual material for both beeswax and tallow candles, but there is a shortage of definitive evidence throughout the medieval period. Church candles for both parish and monastic churches were definitely to be of beeswax, since bees were regarded as living ordered,...
by Brother Ranulf
Thu Sep 29, 2016 1:19 pm
Forum: Friends and Gossip
Topic: New member - medieval music
Replies: 5
Views: 1961

Re: New member - medieval music

Welcome to the forum. You will need to settle on a specific time period within the medieval, since instruments, clothing and available music evolved and changed considerably. For example the rebec of the 12th century was broad and shallow, with D-shaped sound holes: rebec.JPG This was produced (I be...
by Brother Ranulf
Thu Aug 25, 2016 6:44 pm
Forum: 1100-1500
Topic: Heraldic shield display at tournaments - 13th century
Replies: 3
Views: 1309

Re: Heraldic shield display at tournaments - 13th century

If you were a knight going to a tournament in the 13th century, you'd probably have wooden shields representing your coat of arms that you'd want to hang somewhere to advertise your attendance Based on what evidence? Knights carrying multiple shields bearing their unique coat of arms seems more tha...
by Brother Ranulf
Tue Aug 23, 2016 6:58 pm
Forum: 55BC-410AD
Topic: Roman Bookies?
Replies: 1
Views: 1203

Re: Roman Bookies?

During the Empire there seems to have been a very ambivalent approach to gambling generally. Various law texts forbade it completely, except for at the Circus and races, and during Saturnalia. In practice gambling took place daily in most taverns, over a variety of table games, in the Imperial palac...
by Brother Ranulf
Wed Jul 27, 2016 2:33 pm
Forum: Costumes
Topic: Monk's 'night shoes' or 'slippers'
Replies: 3
Views: 1462

Re: Monk's 'night shoes' or 'slippers'

Sorry I couldn't be of more help. Your comment about the boys at the school is interesting; such boys would not have been classed as monks, but as "clerks in minor orders" as were all students at Church schools (including the universities). Their hair may have been tonsured, at least a lit...
by Brother Ranulf
Tue Jul 26, 2016 6:44 pm
Forum: Costumes
Topic: Monk's 'night shoes' or 'slippers'
Replies: 3
Views: 1462

Re: Monk's 'night shoes' or 'slippers'

HI Julie, You have chosen one aspect of monasticism which has left no tangible evidence. No night shoes have survived, nor has any written description of them been discovered (maybe some academic with access to the restricted libraries at Cambridge will eventually find some illustration or descripti...
by Brother Ranulf
Tue Jun 28, 2016 6:26 pm
Forum: 1100-1500
Topic: All them folds and stuff.....
Replies: 2
Views: 1147

Re: All them folds and stuff.....

It's almost true - but it is not poncing, it's the Middle English verb pouncen , which has a slightly different meaning: (a) To emboss (metal vessels and artifacts) with raised designs; ppl. pounced, embossed, decorated, repoussé; (b) to pierce, prick; also, stab (sb.); thrust into (sb.); (c) ppl. p...
by Brother Ranulf
Wed Jun 22, 2016 10:22 am
Forum: Friends and Gossip
Topic: Woodworm
Replies: 2
Views: 901

Re: Woodworm

I read somewhere that museums paint old wooden objects with Paraffin (not on varnished or French polished surfaces), on an annual basis. It apparently kills the beetles. Not quite herbal or natural, but better than some of the more volatile chemicals. There are photographs on-line of conservators tr...
by Brother Ranulf
Tue May 24, 2016 11:19 am
Forum: Friends and Gossip
Topic: Should history be fictional?
Replies: 15
Views: 3705

Re: Should history be fictional?

The line between fact and fiction can often be blurred, especially when you try to see through the eyes of our ancestors. My own area of research is the Anglo-Norman 12th century - a time when "Green Men", "The Green Children of Woolpit" and malicious demons tormenting country fo...
by Brother Ranulf
Fri Apr 01, 2016 6:17 am
Forum: Costumes
Topic: Look for some heavy cotton drill
Replies: 1
Views: 1235

Re: Look for some heavy cotton drill

Herts Specialist Fabrics has some in "Royal Blue", and other lightish colours (RAF blue and sage) - not dark blue or black, though:

http://www.classhistory.co.uk/Herts%20F ... ry&path=39
by Brother Ranulf
Tue Mar 15, 2016 4:32 pm
Forum: Costumes
Topic: Help please native American dress
Replies: 4
Views: 1737

Re: Help please native American dress

It's not really clear what you are asking for - a dress pattern? "Native American" covers all the native peoples of the Americas, from the far north of Canada to the southernmost tip of South America, over a period of 20,000 years. Since your event sounds like the popular fantasy image of ...
by Brother Ranulf
Wed Feb 24, 2016 2:22 pm
Forum: Food and Drink
Topic: 10 century cooking
Replies: 2
Views: 1036

Re: 10 century cooking

One place to start would be ingredients. This is a very good study of foodstuffs in Britain by period, based on archaeological finds - although not everything has left its mark in the record (onions, for example, ought to be in the list but are not). Bear in mind also that certain parts of the count...
by Brother Ranulf
Mon Feb 01, 2016 7:39 am
Forum: 1100-1500
Topic: 1360 Knight Apparel, Help / Guidance
Replies: 5
Views: 1417

Re: 1360 Knight Apparel, Help / Guidance

There is a wonderful English two-volume manuscript (Royal 6 E VII) in the British Library, which was produced in London in about 1360 or shortly thereafter. It includes many illustrations of people from all parts of society in everyday clothing, including drunks, peasants, clerics, lawyers and arist...
by Brother Ranulf
Fri Jan 29, 2016 10:29 pm
Forum: 55BC-410AD
Topic: Smash The Toilet!
Replies: 2
Views: 1524

Re: Smash The Toilet!

I have recently been investigating low-status diet in 12th century England, which led me into the world of environmental archaeology. The high presence of intestinal parasite eggs in preserved cesspits of that period are widely associated with eating smoked or pickled fish (mainly herring, but also ...
by Brother Ranulf
Wed Jan 13, 2016 1:21 pm
Forum: Costumes
Topic: Use of Naturally Black Wool in 400 - 1100 CE Britain
Replies: 6
Views: 2268

Re: Use of Naturally Black Wool in 400 - 1100 CE Britain

Friar Tuck was a latecomer to the Robin Hood legends - the first mention of Robin is in about 1377, while Tuck only appears in the late 15th century. There was, however, a ballad of the 1400s called "Robin Hood and the Monk"; another, later, ballad is called Robin Hood and the Curtal Friar...
by Brother Ranulf
Thu Dec 17, 2015 7:16 am
Forum: Friends and Gossip
Topic: Medieval Pilgrimage to Canterbury
Replies: 6
Views: 1935

Re: Medieval Pilgrimage to Canterbury

Just to update you , there was some very good coverage of this worthy project in today's Kentish Gazette along with a photograph of the pilgrim in his 14th century kit. The report was reasonably well-written, except that it mentioned him ultimately visiting the shrine of St Thomas Becket (there's no...
by Brother Ranulf
Fri Dec 11, 2015 10:32 pm
Forum: 410-1100
Topic: "Dark Age" Chairs?
Replies: 9
Views: 2924

Re: "Dark Age" Chairs?

Just to update on this: I first contacted the staff at Jarrow church, asking for any information regarding the dating of the chair. Then I contacted the Bede's World museum with the same request. Some time later I contacted David Simpson, an historian specialising in that part of the country who has...
by Brother Ranulf
Fri Dec 11, 2015 12:05 pm
Forum: 410-1100
Topic: Looms used in 11C Italy/Germany/Austria
Replies: 1
Views: 948

Re: Looms used in 11C Italy/Germany/Austria

German friends tell me that looking for German/Austrian medieval sources of that period is a hopeless quest since so much material was destroyed during WW2 - much of their research relies on English and French sources. I am not aware of any surviving 11th century sources on looms from those areas, b...
by Brother Ranulf
Thu Nov 19, 2015 2:52 pm
Forum: Costumes
Topic: Authentic style clothing for 1197
Replies: 21
Views: 3780

Re: Authentic style clothing for 1197

de Coverley makes a good point, although I firmly believe that researching sources from a specific decade (so +/- 5 years of 1197 in this case) will give a reasonably accurate reflection of the various styles worn at that time. An alternative research source would be a Vita Christi (Life of Christ) ...
by Brother Ranulf
Wed Nov 18, 2015 4:19 pm
Forum: Costumes
Topic: Authentic style clothing for 1197
Replies: 21
Views: 3780

Re: Authentic style clothing for 1197

Indeed, although from a slightly later source. There are some interesting comments on that link about stripes being worn by the "lower classes" - certainly I have evidence for this among household servants, who were no doubt dressed to impress visitors with their expensive clothing. I doub...
by Brother Ranulf
Mon Nov 16, 2015 8:58 pm
Forum: Costumes
Topic: Authentic style clothing for 1197
Replies: 21
Views: 3780

Re: Authentic style clothing for 1197

Just to start you along a reasonable path, this image is from the British Library manuscript Royal 2 A XXII, the Westminster Psalter dated to 1200 and produced either at Westminster or St Albans. It shows Mary and Elizabeth ("The Visitation") and both are dressed as contemporary nobility (...

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